BEHAVIORAL INTENTION TO PAY ZAKAH ON EMPLOYMENT INCOME AMONG ACADEMICIANS IN KANO STATE, NIGERIA

  • Kabiru Isa Dandago Department of Accounting Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3655-0421
  • Aliyu Dahiru Muhammad International Institute of Islamic Banking and Finance, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4766-2883
  • Safiyya Abubakar Abba Saadatu Rimi College of Education, Kano, Nigeria
Keywords: Zakah, Attitudes, Employment Income, Subjective Norm, Behavioral Intention

Abstract

The institution of zakah is the cornerstone of the Islamic economic system and the disbursement of the zakah fund in line with the Qur’anic injunction ensures equitable distribution and transfer of wealth from the rich to the poor. However, zakah practice in many Muslim countries left wide gap especially in realizing the goal of zakah in poverty reduction. For instance, zakah on employment income is largely neglected despite its juristic backing and changing economic structure that creates high professional income earners that form either upper middle class or lower middle class of the society. The objective of this paper is to explore the intention of income earners to pay zakah on their employment income in Kano State as this will add to the zakatable sources of the State Zakah commission. The paper employed Theory of Reasoned Action to examine the behavioral intention of 300 academics across Kano state government owned tertiary educational institutions to pay zakah on their income.  Structural equation modeling was used to analyze the data collected. The overall result shows that the respondents have favorable behavioral intention towards payment of zakah on employment income. Specifically, the positive effect of both attitudinal beliefs and subjective norm on the behavioral intention is revealed. Hence, the need to come up with a comprehensive policy that will boost zakah collection, consequently its distribution to reduce extreme poverty in the state.

 

Author Biographies

Kabiru Isa Dandago, Department of Accounting Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria

Professor, Department of Accounting, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria;

Commissioner of Finance, Kano State, Nigeria

Scopus ID: 56786418700

Aliyu Dahiru Muhammad, International Institute of Islamic Banking and Finance, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria

Holds PhD in Islamic Economics and Finance at International Islamic University Malaysia and currently attached to International Institute of Islamic Banking and Finance, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria.

Scopus ID: 55660653100

Safiyya Abubakar Abba, Saadatu Rimi College of Education, Kano, Nigeria

Holds M.sc in Islamic Banking and Finance at International Institute of Islamic Banking and Finance, Bayero University, Kano and currently attached to Saadatu Rimi College of Education, Kano, Nigeria.

Published
2016-09-09
How to Cite
Dandago, K., Muhammad, A., & Abba, S. (2016). BEHAVIORAL INTENTION TO PAY ZAKAH ON EMPLOYMENT INCOME AMONG ACADEMICIANS IN KANO STATE, NIGERIA. Journal of Islamic Monetary Economics and Finance, 2(1), 41-64. https://doi.org/10.21098/jimf.v2i1.591
Section
Articles